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A Large Pair of Italian 19th/20th Century Neoclassical and Greco-Roman Style Architectural Scagliola Wall Plaque depicting Chariots, Horses, Allegorical Maidens and Gods, inlaid and painted in Imperial Porphyry, Sienna and other colorful stones and pigments. Circa: Florence, 1900. Scagliola (from the Italian scaglia, meaning “chips”), is a technique for producing stucco columns, sculptures, and other architectural elements that resemble inlays in marble and semi-precious stones. The Scagliola technique came into fashion in 17th-century Tuscany as an effective substitute for costly marble inlays, the pietra dura works created for the Medici family in Florence. Scagliola is a composite substance made from selenite, glue and natural pigments, imitating marble and other hard stones. The material may be veined with colors and applied to a core, or desired pattern may be carved into a previously prepared scagliola matrix. The pattern’s indentations are then filled with the colored, plaster-like scagliola composite, and then polished with flax oil for brightness, and wax for protection. The combination of materials and technique provides a complex texture, and richness of color not available in natural veined marbles. A comparable material is terrazzo. “Marmorino” is a synonym, but scagliola and terrazzo should not be confused with plaster of Paris, which is one ingredient.

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A Large Pair of Italian 19th/20th Century Neoclassical and Greco-Roman Style Architectural Scagliola Wall Plaque depicting Chariots, Horses, Allegorical Maidens and Gods, inlaid and painted in Imperial Porphyry, Sienna and…

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